WAEC Biology Practical Questions and Answers 2023 (Specimen)

Are you a WAEC candidate seeking for answers on WAEC 2023? Have you been searching for the following questions: WAEC Biology practical answers 2023, Waec Biology practical questions and answers 2023, waec biology practical 2023 questions and answers, then this post is for you. Keep reading to know more.

In this article, we’ll be looking into WAEC Biology questions and Answers for 2023. It include the 2023 WAEC Biology questions and Answers, Past questions and answers and all you need to know about the WAEC Biology Examination questions. Few hints is also included on how to pass WAEC Biology Examination.

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To start with, let’s look into the details about how the 2023 WAEC questions will look like as well as important things you need to know about it. WAEC Biology past questions and Answers are also included.

All you need to know about the 2023 WAEC Biology Exam

The WAEC 2023 biology examination is in two parts – Objective and Essay.

You should be expecting 50 questions from the objective part and all to be answered within one hour.

The Essay part contains between 5 to 7 in part A and about 7 in part B. You are to answer all in part A while you answer any four in part B. All to be answered in two hours and thirty minutes.

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Note that all question carries equal mark.

Waec Biology Specimen 2023

Below is the 2023 waec biology practical specimen:

Specimen A – Mature fresh eggs of catfish.
Specimen B – Fresh egg of domestic fowl (raw, with shell intact).
Specimen C – Picture/model/chart of uterus containing a foetus.
Specimen D – Longitudinal section of ovary of Pride of Barbados flower.
Specimen E – Leaf of Pride of Barbados.
Specimen F – Panicum plant/Guinea grass (whole plant).
Specimen G – Cocoyam plant/Caladium plant (whole plant).
Specimen H – Corm of cocoyam.
Specimen J – Dry humus in a beaker.
Specimen K – Moist humus in a beaker.
Specimen L – Ripe orange fruit (whole).
Specimen M – Longitudinal section of coconut fruit.
Specimen N – Longitudinal section of fresh chilli pepper fruit.


WAEC 2023 Biology Practical Answers


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(i) Small in size
(ii) Soft shell
(iii) Pale yellowish

(i) Large in size
(ii) Hard shell
(iii) Brownish

A – Chordata
B – Angiosperm

A -Pisces
B – Aves
C – Mammalia
D – Dicotyledon

It helps in reproduction


(i) Air Space
(ii) Yolk
(iii) Albumen

(i) Respiration
(ii) It provides nutrition
(iii) It serves as reservoir

A – Aquatic
B – Terrestrial
D – Terrestrial




2a. Specimen F, Panicum plant/Guinea grass, belongs to the class Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons).
II. The cocoyam plant or Caladium plant belongs to the class Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons).

2b. Specimen F, Panicum plant/Guinea grass, can be used to demonstrate the morphology and anatomy of monocotyledonous plants.
II. Specimen G (Caladium plant) can be used to demonstrate the morphological features of monocotyledonous plants.

2c. Specimen F, Panicum plant/Guinea grass, has a fibrous root system.
II. Specimen G(The cocoyam plant has a fibrous root system.

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Petiole – It attracts the leaf to the rachis
Leaflet – For photosynthesis
Midrib – It hold the Vien

2e. Specimen F, Panicum plant/Guinea grass, is of economic importance in the following ways:

1. It is used as a forage crop for livestock.
2. It is used as a cover crop to prevent soil erosion.
3. It is used as a biofuel crop to produce ethanol.

2fi. Four observable features of the cocoyam corm (specimen H) are:
1. It is a modified stem that is swollen and fleshy.
2. It has a brown, rough outer layer and a white, starchy inner layer.
3. It has several small, circular depressions on its surface where the roots emerge.
4. It has a pointed top where the stem emerges.

2fii. The biological significance of the cocoyam corm (specimen H) to the plant from which it was obtained is that it serves as a storage organ for the plant, providing nutrients and energy for growth and reproduction during times of stress or dormancy.



L – Hesperidium
M – Drupe
N – Berry

L – Perennial
M – Perennial
N – Annual


(i) Round and small in size
(ii) Axile placentation
(iii) Yellowish in colour
(iv) Succulent

(i) Large and elongated
(ii) Parietal placentation
(iii) Brownish in colour
(iv) Hard


(i) Yellow in colour
(ii) Big in size

(i) Reddish in colour
(ii) Small in size

(i) They both have axile placentation
(ii) Both have mesocarp
(iii) Both have seed


(i) Disposal by seed
(ii) Axile

It serve as food




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How to pass WAEC Biology Examination

Here are some common rules that you should apply when taking this exam.

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Start by answering questions you are sure of the Answers first.

Do not spend more than a minute on each Objective questions. Remember you only have one hour

Endeavor to recheck your work before submitting it.

Make sure you attempt all the questions. Ensure to put something down; it is better than a blank page.

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WAEC Biology Syllabus 2023

The resources below on Biology have been provided by WAEC to assist you to understand the required standards expected in Biology final Examination.

The examination in this subject is meant to test:

A. understanding of the structure and functions of living organisms as well as appreciation of nature;

B. acquisition of adequate laboratory and field skills in order to carry out and evaluate experiments and projects in Biology;

C. acquisition of necessary scientific skills for example observing, classifying, and interpreting biological data;

D. acquisition of the basic relevant knowledge in Biology needed for future advanced studies in biological sciences;

E. acquisition of scientific attitudes for problem-solving;

F. ability to apply biological principles in everyday life in matters that affect

G. personal, social, environmental, community health and economic problems;

H. awareness of the existence of interrelationships between biology and other scientific disciplines.

See the complete WAEC Syllabus for Biology via this link BIOLOGY-converted

Remember that Biology is a compulsory subject for all science students which makes a must pass subject for all. We implore you once again to subscribe to our website to get the update.

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